Cannabis cultivation is becoming increasingly popular as more and more states legalize the use of marijuana. Growing your own cannabis can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to customize your grow to produce the exact strains and quantities that you want.
If you’ve never grown cannabis before, the process can seem a bit daunting. This beginner’s guide to growing cannabis will walk you through the basics of setting up your grow, from choosing the right location to selecting the right fertilizers and nutrients.
We’ll also give you some tips on how to troubleshoot common problems that you may encounter along the way. By the end of this guide, you’ll be ready to start growing your own cannabis plants with confidence!
The Basics of Growing Marijuana
Growing marijuana is not as difficult as it may first seem. With a little practice and patience, anyone can successfully grow their own cannabis. Here are a few basics to get you started.
Cannabis plants can be successfully grown indoors or outdoors. As long as the environmental conditions are right, cannabis can be grown pretty much anywhere.
- Depending on the method you use to grow and the specific strain of your plant, it takes about 10-32 weeks to grow a cannabis plant.
- Marijuana plants can start off as a seed or a clone. Clones are cuttings taken off of a mature weed plant, which can be easier for new growers to deal with. Seeds must germinate before they grow into seedlings.
- After the seedling stage, marijuana plants enter the vegetative stage, which is the longest stage of the plant’s lifetime. In this stage, your focus is helping them grow to be full and healthy so that they can produce buds later on.
- Next is the flowering stage, in which your plants begin growing buds. This stage usually happens around two months before harvesting.
- Finally, the plants will reach the harvesting stage! Your plants are finally ready to be trimmed, dried, and cured, providing you with some high-quality, smokable bud.
What Does A Cannabis Plant Need To Thrive?
- Nutrients: Cannabis plants need certain nutrients in order to thrive and produce the highest possible yields. You can make sure your plants stay healthy by finding the perfect fertilizer for your grow setup.
- Temperature / Humidity: Each cannabis strain has its own preferred conditions, so it’s up to you to create the right environment in which your plants can thrive. Using humidity controllers and heaters can help streamline and automate this process for you.
- Light: Weed plants need the right amount and right type of light in order to thrive. There’s many different types of grow lights on the market, depending on the size and details of your setup.
- Water: Like all other plants, your cannabis plants are certainly going to need a regular watering schedule!
- Airflow: If you’re growing indoors, it’s important to consider the airflow of your space. Using carbon filters and grow tent fans can help ensure that your plants have enough fresh air to help maximize their growth and bud quality.
Indoor Vs. Outdoor Growing
Indoor and outdoor growing both have their fair share of pros and cons. It really depends on your own personal preferences, as well as your local environment, as to which option would work best for you.
Indoor growing is often seen as the more difficult of the two because you have to recreate the perfect conditions for your plants. This includes everything from the right amount of light to the perfect humidity and temperature levels.
You also have to be very careful about pests and diseases, as it’s much easier for them to spread in an enclosed space. Outdoor growing, on the other hand, is more forgiving. You can’t control the weather, but you can take advantage of it.
For example, you can choose a spot that gets a lot of sun or that’s sheltered from the wind. And you don’t have to worry about pests and diseases as much, as they’re less likely to take hold in an open space.
Ultimately, it’s possible to grow healthy plants and get high yields both indoors and outdoors, so the choice is yours!
Choosing A Strain To Grow
When it comes to choosing a weed strain to grow, there are many factors to consider. The first is what type of weed you want to grow. Indica, sativa, or hybrid?
Indica strains are known for their relaxing, couch-locked effects while sativas are more uplifting and energizing. Hybrids are a mix of the two and offer a balance of effects.
Next, figure out if this bud is for personal use, or if you’d like to sell it. Certain strains like Blue Dream or Green Crack have authority behind their names, so they may be easier to market to an audience.
Although this can be helpful to consider, if you end up with high-quality bud, the strain you pick shouldn’t be a make it or break it factor. Last but not least, you need to consider your own personal preferences.
What type of effects do you want from your weed? Do you want a strain that’s high in THC or one that’s high in CBD? Once you’ve answered these questions, you’ll be able to narrow down your choices and choose the perfect strain for you.
Planning Your Setup
When it comes to setting up a cannabis growing operation, there are a number of factors to take into account in order to ensure a successful harvest.
Grow lights are perhaps the most important element, as cannabis plants need a lot of light in order to grow properly. High-powered LEDs are a popular choice among growers, as they are very energy-efficient and produce little heat.
The grow tent or grow room itself should be large enough to accommodate the number of plants you plan on growing, and should have good ventilation to ensure that the plants stay healthy.
An exhaust fan is a good way to keep the air circulating, and you may also want to consider creating a plan for climate control to keep the temperature and humidity in the room consistent.
The type of growing medium you use is also important. Cannabis plants can be grown in soil, hydroponics, or coco coir, among other options.
Each has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to do some research to figure out which will work best for your particular setup. Finally, you’ll need to choose the right seeds and cannabis fertilizer for your plants.
There are many different strains of cannabis, so it’s important to pick one that will grow well in your particular environment. And, of course, you’ll need to make sure that your plants are getting the right nutrients in order to thrive.